Catholic University Students Explore Youth Homelessness in D.C.

According to the 2016 Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress, 9% of the U.S. homeless population (or ~50,000 individuals) is between the ages of 18 and 24. Most of these young people, nearly 32,000, were counted as ‘unaccompanied youth.’ This term encompasses young adults living on the streets or in unstable housing without the presence of a family. A recent homeless count in Washington, D.C. identified 211 unaccompanied youth between the ages of 18 and 24.

To understand the experiences of young adults experiencing homelessness in Washington, D.C., Pathways to Housing teamed up with the Catholic University of America’s National Catholic School of Social Service (NCSSS) to conduct a qualitative research study. Under the guidance of Dr. Linda Plitt Donaldson, graduate social work students within the NCSSS hit the streets to interview these young adults as part of a fall semester class on homelessness in the U.S.  Semi-structured interviews were conducted to understand the precipitating factors and current experiences of the youths’ homelessness, as well as to learn about the specific services that might support young adults in getting into stable housing.

Pathways outreach workers trained students in identifying and approaching young adults in locations around the city.  The team interviewed 57 young adults between the ages of 18 and 30, with a mean age of 22.  Of these 57 young adults, 27 reported that this was their first time experiencing homelessness.  Most reported that they stay and sleep on the streets overnight while others sleep at shelters, in the homes of family and friends, or in abandoned houses.  At the time of the interviews, the young adults reported having been homeless between four days and 15 years, with an average length of time in homelessness of approximately three years.

During the interviews, the young adults detailed situations that precipitated their current experiences of homelessness.  Many of these accounts included significant trauma and victimization, such as ongoing physical or sexual abuse. Others found themselves on the streets due to poor re-entry planning as they transitioned from foster care or jail.  Still, others reported having left their last housing situation of their own will – feeling as though they were a burden to family or due to overcrowding in the home.  Overwhelmingly, most reported that their most recent experience of homelessness resulted from being “kicked out” of their home by a family member.  For some of the youth, this resulted from “not getting along with” another member of the household.  For others, this followed rape or other forms of abuse perpetuated by a family member or a family member’s significant other.

CUABlogPostPic1The young adults shared the range of coping strategies they use to survive on the streets of D.C.  Many reported relying on friends and family for resources, such as occasional meals, showers, or a place to stay.  Others were honest about activities they engage in to “just to get by”, such as stealing or selling drugs.  However, amid their challenges and uncertain circumstances, many spoke of their strides to set goals for themselves and a drive to maintain hope for the future.

When asked about the single most important thing that would help them overcome homelessness, the young adults overwhelmingly advocated for the availability of more affordable housing.  This aligns with a recent statement made by Michael Ferrell, the executive director of the Coalition for the Homeless, in an article by the New York Times detailing challenges associated with housing D.C.’s homeless population.  Ferrell stated that the difficulty is not the increase of homeless individuals as much as it is a lack of affordable housing in D.C.

In advocating for the self-professed needs of D.C.’s unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness, the NCSSS team offers the following recommendations:

  • increase the availability of affordable housing and supports to access housing;
  • increase opportunities for employment and education;
  • increase the availability of trauma-informed mental health and social supports;
  • increase service assistance to obtain vital documentation, such as birth certificates and identification cards;
  • increase the number of drop-in centers; and
  • increase implementation of Critical Time Intervention (CTI) to prevent homelessness for young adults exiting foster care, incarceration, or other institutions.

A final recommendation includes increasing efforts to support families to prevent youth homelessness.  Forty out of 57 (70%) of the young adults participating in this study talked specifically about challenging family environments that precipitated their most recent experience of homelessness. Respondents were often kicked out of their homes or left on their own due to crowded or toxic family environments. For other respondents, homelessness resulted after the death of a family member, causing the loss of their home. Still others aged out of foster care. Families need help to address root
causes of homelessness, such as the lack of
affordable housing, the lack of living wage
jobs with benefits, relationship conflict, and substance abuse.  Programs are needed to foster community engagement and support for these families within the neighborhoods in which they live.

When the young adults were asked what the city could do to assist in getting people off the streets, they requested that service providers step up their game in helping to navigate the housing process and be willing to “take a chance” on them. The participants offered their own words of advice with regard to ending homelessness among young adults in Washington, D.C.:

“Don’t give up…sometimes I give up on myself.”

“Focus on hands up, not hands out. Help people develop skills.”

“Take a chance on people. I just want someone to take a chance on me. Not everybody is trying to get one over on the system.”

11952697_855986404905_5378313742419667396_oBlog Post Author: Bonnie L. McIntyre, PhD student within the Catholic University of America National Catholic School of Social Services (pictured right) 


The National Center Supports Youth Homelessness Symposium

Note: This post was guest authored by Jenna Mellor, Associate Director of Point Source Youth.

Point Source Youth is thrilled that the National Center for Excellence in Homeless Services (the National Center) is a presenting sponsor of the upcoming Second Annual Symposium on Solutions to End Youth Homelessness. This nationwide convening of leaders addressing youth homelessness—from providers to youth, policy experts to researchers—is co-sponsored by New York University’s Silver School of Social Work (a partner of the National Center) and the McSilver Institute of Poverty, Policy, and Research, and will be held at New York University’s Kimmel Center on April 30th and May 1st, 2018.

The participation of the National Center is especially critical because social workers are at the forefront of supporting individuals experiencing homelessness. Social workers are well-positioned to demand the systems change needed to re-imagine the cycle of displacement for youth experiencing homelessness – a cycle perpetuated by traditional shelter models. Excellence includes embodying what we know are best practices in the field: Housing First, positive youth development, trauma-informed care, anti-racism and equity practices, and ensuring that youth are meaningful collaborators in the solutions that impact them most.

Leaders in social work practice, research, and education were instrumental to the success of last year’s symposium and in planning exciting, new content for this year. We are excited to have presenters from three of the National Center’s partner schools – NYU, the University of Southern California (USC), and Hunter College. Drs. Deborah Padgett (NYU) and Ben Henwood (USC), national co-leaders of the Academy for Social Work and Social Welfare’s Grand Challenge to End Homelessness, will both be presenting. Dr. Padgett is on our  planning committee and will lead an interactive breakout session on innovative research. Dr. Henwood (USC) will present on his work at the intersections of health, technology, and youth homelessness. Dr. Jama Shelton (Hunter College) also serves on the planning committee, and is partnering with planning committee member and youth advocate Sophie-Rose Cadle to plan a breakout session on centering the leadership and self-defined priorities of trans and gender expansive youth experiencing homelessness. Continuing Education Credits will be provided by NYU.

Other presenters include Drs. Eric Rice and Robin Petering (both of USC) and Dr. Matthew Morton (Chapin Hall). Dr. Morton will present on the monumental data released by the Voices of Youth Count project, which shows the scope of youth homelessness nationally and the disproportionate experiences of youth of color, queer youth, and parenting youth. The findings were recently released in their Missed Opportunities report and have motivated many of us to do more and do better. For more information about Missed Opportunities and its implications for social work, check out the National Center’s recent blog post on the topic.

Dr. Padgett eloquently describes the need for the symposium and why social workers seeking excellence should consider attending:

“Youth homelessness in the United States has reached record levels, yet not enough is known about ‘what works.’ DebP With a robust evidence base and human rights values,Housing First has shown that relying on institutional care and shelters diverts scarce funding and support away from effective long-term solutions. To advance the national discourse on helping homeless youth in the Housing First era, this symposium features promising approaches, including rapid re-housing, host homes, and family strengthening.  Attendees will not only learn about best practices and policies but will be asked to join in solving the problem of youth homelessness through effective and passionate advocacy.”

Planning committee member and youth advocate Marcelle LaBrecque, pictured below, (who is, not coincidentally, the dynamic co-host of Point Source Youth’s webinar series Ask A Rockstar!) seconds the value of attending the symposium: “You will leave changed, regardless of if you come for the information, the food, or the people,” he said. Learning about the interventions and hearing the advocacy of a wide range of young people and adult allies will change you and your approach to ending youth homelessness.” 


We look forward to seeing new and familiar faces at this year’s symposium. And, for those of you interested in learning more about the National Center, Amanda Aykanian, the National Center’s Research and Project Lead, will be attending both days.

Blog Post Author: Jenna Mellor (pictured left), Associate Director at Point Source Youth, is a harm reduction advocate with nine years of experience at the intersection of direct service and program development. Her work is rooted in the principles of bodily autonomy and human dignity, and she is passionate about Point Source Youth’s goal of building the evidence base for Housing First practices in youth housing.

Sacramento State Tackles Homelessness Locally

The team at California State University, Sacramento, comprised of Drs. Tyler Argüello and Arturo Baiocchi, has been busy over the past year conducting various activities and, now, celebrating some initial accomplishments.

Interprofessional Workshops

The overarching theme of the workshops this year was to “de-center” the conversation on homelessness.  That is to say, we tried to have the audience and the presenters step out of the role of ‘experts’ and re-center our focus and possible responses on the people affected by homelessness and co-occurring issues. The interactive workshops were open to faculty, staff, students, and community partners, and sought to cultivate an ongoing dialogue about issues related to housing insecurity. The workshops were partly interactive as well as included guest presentations on resources and issues related to regional homelessness. The first workshop included a set of activities facilitated by Dr. Argüello designed to encourage students to re-visit their own implicit biases they may have toward individuals experiencing housing insecurity. The activity was followed by a presentation from the CEO of Sacramento Steps Forward, the lead agency in Sacramento working on homelessness issues. Students were introduced to various initiatives being pursued by local non-profits, and the election of a new mayor who has made homelessness a key issue for the city to address.

The second workshop focused on student homelessness on campus. The workshop included activities that encouraged students to consider how the lived experiences of homeless students may differ from their own. The activity was followed by a presentation by Student Affairs that discussed new state legislation and CSUS policies being implemented to protect students experiencing housing insecurity. The new university Case Manager, Danielle Munoz, LMFT, and MSW Intern Virgil Rambeau gave a detailed presentation on how students can qualify and apply for food assistance, emergency housing, and other resources on and off campus.

Both workshops were well attended with a total of 45 participants from social work, nursing, speech  pathology, sociology, and psychology. Baiocchi and Argüello plan on continuing the workshop series with two addition sessions in Fall and Spring of next year.

Sacramento PointinTime Study

In December 2016, Dr. Baiocchi was approached by Sacramento Steps Forward (SSF) for assistance with the biennial Point-In-Time count of homeless individuals for Sacramento County. Drs. Argüello and Baiocchi recruited 75 CSUS students to assist in data collection and data entry.  To assist in the analysis of the data, Dr. Baiocchi invited Dr. Jennifer Price-Wolf (Assistant Professor in Social Work) and Keith Hodson from the Institute for Social Research to the project. The final analysis and report were completed in July 2017. The report was also referenced by the New York Times regarding housing problems in California.

Smart Policing Initiative: County Sheriff Homeless Outreach Team

In September 2016, CSUS won a research project with the Sacramento County Sherriff’s Department and Sacramento Steps Forward (SSF) regarding a new SMART Policing Initiative, an initiative sponsored by the U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance and U.S. Department of Justice. Sacramento is one of six sites in the country selected for two years of funding. The project will evaluate a new Homeless Street Outreach collaboration between Sherriff deputies and SSF Street Navigators, looking at access to services in the outskirts of the city, the impacts to the surrounding community, and the possible cultural changes that may occur due to increased collaboration between the Sherriff Deputies and social service providers.

Californians Speak on Social Welfare

In Spring 2016 Drs. Baiocchi, Argüello, and Price-Wolf (along with three other social work faculty at CSUS) secured funding for a multi-year, probability-based survey project called The Californians Speak on Social Welfare (CSSW) Survey. The CSSW project seeks to assess how Californians view various social issues and policies implicated in social work practice. The first and second surveys were developed and implemented in Fall 2016, the first of which concerned perceptions of social work and child welfare reporting and the second concerned stigma related to homelessness and mental health. The third will be conducted in Summer 2017. The data has already been used for MSW students’ thesis projects, and peer-reviewed articles are forthcoming. In an effort to make homelessness a more integral part of the curriculum at CSUS, Dr. Baiocchi offered his thesis students the opportunity to analyze the CSSW survey data as it pertains to homelessness. A total of five MSW students conducted projects that explored the scholarship on the social and cultural stigmas that homeless individuals experience and the effects that these perceptions may have on public policy.


Addressing Homelessness Through Social Innovation: The University of Denver’s First Homelessness Hackathon

This spring, the University of Denver explored uncharted waters, launching its first annual homelessness hackathon, which was dedicated to generating innovative solutions to homelessness through a rapid design process. The event, titled Somewhere to Go, was hosted by the University’s Graduate School of Social Work (GSSW) and co-sponsored by other university groups, with generous financial support from the National Center for Excellence in Homeless Services as well as public and private donors.

Participants, including students and community members, formed interdisciplinary workgroups representing the fields of social work, computer science, engineering, international development, business, psychology, and beyond. Together, they learned about the issue of homelessness from the perspectives of academia, local government, nonprofit and faith-based organizations, and directly from adult and youth service users. Cash prizes were promised to the groups with the winning ideas. However, as the sun went down on the seven-hour event, it became abundantly clear that participants were focused solely on developing genuine understanding and realistic solutions.

After several hours of learning about homelessness, the groups began to brainstorm through a rapid prototyping process. Borrowing from design thinking and human-centered design approaches, participants were encouraged to explore solutions through a lens of empathy, intense consumer engagement, and a willingness to take risks and fail forward. As teams bounced ideas off community experts, who were roaming the room ready to offer feedback, they discovered that homelessness, though seemingly straightforward, was a complex issue with various leverage points. The question of where to begin proved more difficult than perhaps initially anticipated.

“One hour left!” rang through the room as groups poured over their three-minute pitches, making sure to highlight key judging criteria as to how their idea achieved feasibility, sustainability, innovation, and impact. One by one, each of the six groups wowed the audience with thoughtful, creative pitches that included mobile apps, peer mentorship, university courses, and microloans offered through credit unions. A panel of judges selected a shelter mobile app to win the main prize, while hackathon participants honored the credit union idea with the people’s choice award. And just like that, the event was done, with hearts full of inspiration and more questions about what comes next. Group members swapped contact information and buzzed about launching their individual ideas, while loading up on leftover pizza and snacks – the door prize for everyone.

As for the University of Denver and the GSSW, it was clear that something dynamic had taken place that day. A collective enthusiasm and energy swirled around participants from different disciplines, students and professionals alike, all ready to put their ideas to the test. GSSW doctoral students, Jennifer Wilson and Jonah DeChants, along with professor Kimberly Bender, developed the event and conducted a small pilot study to determine the feasibility of changing attitudes and developing ideas through rapid innovation. Results of a pretest and posttest survey administered to all hackathon participants revealed a significant increase in perceived knowledge of homelessness as well as significant and positive shifts in attitudes and beliefs pertaining to individual, societal, and personal responsibility related to homelessness. Additional qualitative feedback revealed that participants, who had already dedicated an entire Friday to the event, wanted even more – more time to innovate, more time with community experts, and more time to pitch their ideas and solicit feedback from the group. So now the steering committee is tasked with its own design challenge – how to take the homelessness hackathon to the next level in year two.

Jennifer Wilson, headshot

About the Author: Jennifer H. Wilson, MSW, IMBA is a PhD student in the University of Denver’s Graduate School of Social Work (GSSW). Her research interests center on the promotion of poverty reduction through social business interventions and social innovation. She is currently working with the Burnes Center on Poverty and Homelessness at GSSW, exploring tiny homes and comprehensive community initiatives. 

Like this post?
Check out this one about a homelessness hackathon at the University of South Florida.

Want more info?
Visit our website to learn more about us and our National Homelessness Social Work Initiative. And, join our mailing list to receive our newsletter.

On social media?
Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.


Binghamton University Hosts Film Screening and Panel Discussion to Raise Awareness about Homelessness

This past November 18th, in recognition of National Hunger and Homelessness Awareness Week, faculty and students from Binghamton University’s Department of Social Work collaborated with the Southern Tier Homeless Coalition to host a screening of the film Tiny: The Life of Erin Blackwell. A panel presentation and community conversation followed to raise awareness of homelessness, its potential ramifications, and to identify next steps. Binghamton’s mayor, Rich David, opened the event with a brief speech about his ongoing efforts to address homelessness.

The film follows the continuing life story of Erin Blackwell, who was first introduced to audiences 20 years ago in director Martin Bell’s Streetwise, a documentary about youth homelessness. Bell’s follow-up documentary profoundly chronicles the resilience and ongoing traumas encountered by the protagonist over the course of two decades.

More than 60 community members and students attended the event.


The panel included:

  • Cassandra Bransford, Associate Professor of social work at Binghamton University and faculty contact for the National Center, who served as moderator;
  • Shari Weiss, President of the Executive Board and Chair of the Southern Tier Homeless Coalition, who spoke about developing community partnerships to end homelessness;
  • David Wallace, Clinical Director at the LaSalle School (Albany, NY), who spoke about trauma, homelessness, and youth;
  • Jessica Peruse, Homeless Team Leader at the VA Medical Center (Syracuse, NY), who spoke about the Housing First model; and
  • Jed Metzger, Associate Professor of social work at Nazareth College and the school’s faculty contact for the National Center, who spoke about what we can do to end homelessness and poverty.

The panelists presented their perspective following the screening, answered audience questions, and encouraged audience members to get involved. Continuing education credits were offered to social workers for attending. The event was otherwise free and open to the public.

Panelists answered audience questions following the film.

Donations were solicited for the ongoing Freeze Fund initiative. Both prior to and during the event, students collected non-perishable food items, toothbrushes, socks and foot warmers to hand out in care packages to community members over the frigid winter months.

Ending Homelessness in Binghamton

The city of Binghamton has long been on the forefront of the struggle to eradicate homelessness. In late 2014, Mayor David announced a landmark accomplishment in this effort as part of the national Mayors Challenge to End Veteran Homelessness. On a single night across the city, not a single veteran experienced unsheltered homelessness, earning Binghamton the distinction of being the first city in the country to meet the Mayors Challenge.

These efforts continue to this day, led in large part by the Southern Tier Homeless Coalition, which coordinates services and conducts the yearly point-in-time count. The Coalitions’ work helps provide critical support to the community and gathers crucial data to secure funding for services both in urban Binghamton and in the surrounding rural counties.

Advancing Social Justice Together

This event supports the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare’s Grand Challenge to End Homelessness and aligns with CSWE’s fifth core competency – advancing human rights and social and economic justice. Homeless or otherwise, our most vulnerable community members deserve better, and it is our responsibility as social workers to help build a social safety net to protect them. This event to raise community awareness is only one step in the broader struggle to end homelessness.

Ultimately, ongoing collaboration among stakeholders is key. Rebecca Rathmell, the Southern Tier Homeless Coalition’s coordinator, said it best:

“It has to be a collaborative effort and everything from street outreach and making sure we’re identifying the youth and the families experiencing homelessness all the way to permanent support of housing.”

We were grateful to be able to collaborate to make this event happen and we at Binghamton University are looking forward to future opportunities moving forward.


About the Author: Michael Cole is a second-year master’s student and Graduate Assistant at the Binghamton University Department of Social Work. He is currently interning at the UHS Wilson Medical Center. In his spare time, he enjoys baking and blogging about social justice. 

Like this post?
Check out this one written by Robin Petering, doctoral candidate at the USC Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work.

Want more info?
Visit our website to learn more about us and our National Homelessness Social Work Initiative. And, join our mailing list to receive our newsletter.

On social media?
Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.


Homeless Youth Research at Saint Mary’s College: A Pilot Study That Became A National Study

The Social Work Program at Saint Mary’s College, Notre Dame, Indiana, is involved in researching issues of homelessness, with a focus on youth homelessness. The Social Work Program is collaborating with Youth Services Bureau of St. Joseph County (South Bend, IN) to find the best practices in providing services to homeless youth. This research collaboration involves Dr. Frances Bernard Kominkiewicz (Saint Mary’s College), Meredith Mersits and Kelly Crooks (Saint Mary’s Social Work Program alumnae), Liza Felix (Saint Mary’s Social Work student), and Lauren Kominkiewicz, MSW (Saint Mary’s BSW alum). Dr. Kominkiewicz and Lauren Kominkiewicz also conducted previous research on homeless youth, which they presented in Cologne, Germany.

Youth Service Bureau of St. Joseph County approached Dr. Kominkiewicz in 2014 with the concern that it was particularly difficult to locate homeless youth; therefore, making it difficult to conduct homeless youth counts, needs assessment, and meet the needs of homeless youth. It is well documented that homeless youth experience many issues related to housing insecurity.

A pilot study was initiated that shed light on the issue of youth homelessness in the South Bend area through qualitative research with local agency practitioners working with homeless youth. A quantitative and qualitative study is now being conducted on a national basis. Research methods involve telephone interviews and online surveys with representatives of organizations working with homeless youth. This research project quickly became a much larger project as many individuals across the United States heard about it and asked to be interviewed; a snowball sample was therefore utilized.

The purposes of the study were to:

  1. Increase knowledge of locating, interviewing, and emerging intervention needs with homeless youth.
  2. Develop a homeless youth social work assessment model to intervene with homeless youth based on the research data collected in this study. 
  3. Develop a working definition for homeless youth that will assist agencies and organizations in applying for funding resources to locate, interview, and intervene with homeless youth.

The study was designed to identify best practices for locating and intervening with homeless youth, including interviewing homeless youth, in order to assess and meet their needs. This research will increase knowledge about the methods and techniques used nationally in locating homeless youth through youth counts and other processes, including homeless youth interview questions that are integral to learning about the needs of homeless youth. A homeless youth assessment model, based on the data gathered, is under development.

The results of this study will be most useful to social work researchers, policy makers, and agencies and organizations in the discussion and continued development of best practices for locating, interviewing, and providing resources to homeless youth. The project has major ramifications in assisting organizations in finding the most beneficial practices for working with homeless youth. Additionally, developing a uniform definition of youth homelessness would be helpful for policy and service development and when applying for funding.

Blog Post Author: Frances Bernard Kominkiewicz, Ph.D., Professor of Social Work, Chair, Department of Social Work and Gerontology, and Director, Social Work Program, at Saint Mary’s College, Notre Dame, Indiana.

Like this post?
Check out this one on University of Houston’s YouthCount 2.0!

Want more info?
Visit our website to learn more about us and our National Homelessness Social Work Initiative.

On social media?
Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.


University of Houston, YouthCount 2.0!: Counting and Surveying Homeless Youth in Harris County

Members of the YouthCount 2.0! Data Collection Team

Young people are often missed in traditional point in time counts that rely on visual identification, because they don’t want to appear homeless and are less visible on the streets. In addition, they often double-up with friends, rather than seeking services at shelters where they would be easy to identify and count. Sarah Narendorf, Assistant Professor at the University of Houston’s Graduate College of Social Work, led a project team that included Diane Santa Maria at the University of Texas School of Nursing and Yoonsook Ha from Boston University to find, count, and survey homeless youth, ages 13-24, in Harris County, Texas in November 2014. YouthCount 2.0! was a response to calls from the Houston community to pilot new methods for finding homeless youth and to learn more about their service needs.  The project was funded by the Greater Houston Community Foundation, Fund to End Homelessness.

YouthCount 2.0! used several new strategies to find and count homeless youth:

  1. An extended count period of 4 weeks.
  2. Respondent-driven sampling, asking youth to recruit others they knew in similar situations.
  3. Surveying at shelters, through street outreach, and at magnet events – at events designed for homeless youth and those that were not specific to homeless youth but where youth in unstable housing might be identified.
  4. Use of social work and nursing students to assist in surveying.
  5. Involvement of homeless and formerly homeless youth to help with locating and identifying youth.
  6. Expanded eligibility criteria beyond that used for adults by HUD – youth were counted if they were staying with friends or family, but not sure where they would stay in 30 days.
  7. Use of homeless management information system (HMIS) data to identify service locations we should visit to conduct the survey.
  8. Partnerships with service providers and collaboration with a community advisory board to guide the data collection and interpretation of results.

During the 4-week count period, the study team visited 47 different locations including shelters, magnet events, and street outreach locations. A total of 74 volunteers assisted with the count, 60 were social work students who received extra-credit in their research class. The project surveyed 420 youth directly and added another 212 youth to the count number through reviewing HMIS data.  Detailed data about the youth was obtained through a self-administered survey with over 100 questions that took 15-20 minutes to complete.

Through the two counts, there were successes and challenges that can help others looking to better count homeless youth.

Successes included:

  • Use of social work students. The students learned a lot about the situations of homeless youth and were exposed to service agencies and communities of which they hadn’t been aware.
  • The extended count period and expanded eligibility that enabled us to find out about youth that would not have been included in previous counts.
  • One Voice Texas, an advocacy organization, was part of the community advisory board, which enabled a smooth connection for results to be used in legislative session. YouthCount 2.0! data on homeless youth were noticed by legislators in relation to two different bills that passed into law.

Challenges included:

  • Respondent-driven sampling did not yield many new participants. It appears that the logistics were prohibitive. Asking youth that are focused on survival to remember to recruit friends to a study just didn’t work well unless it could be very immediate.
  • Some youth populations were clearly missed. The survey was available in Spanish, but none of the youth identified preferred to take the survey in Spanish. It was also difficult to connect with youth that were identified by schools. Events immediately after school nearby failed to attract many of those identified within the schools in spite of close collaborations with homeless liaisons to encourage participation.

For more information on YouthCount 2.o! visit the project website, which also includes a full report of the findings. The study team is currently writing-up the study and results for submission to a peer-reviewed journal and talking about next steps for YouthCount 3.0!

Blog Post Author: Sarah Narendorf, Assistant Professor at the University of Houston’s Graduate College of Social Work

Like this post?
Check out this one on how the University of Houston is addressing LGBTQ youth homelessness.

Want more info?
Visit our website to learn more about us and our National Homelessness Social Work Initiative.

On social media?
Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.